Over the last several decades, sustained economic growth in Zambia has resulted in an increased demand for electricity. The supply, however, has not been able to meet this demand. This discrepancy is due to the fact that Zambia heavily relies on large hydro power plants for its electricity supply. Due to significant and recurring periods of droughts in the country, it has not been possible to operate the hydro plants at their full capacity. In Zambia, the level of connection to electricity on average is 30% nationwide and only 5% in rural areas. In February 2016, the government acknowledged that Zambia faced a considerable deficit of power generation.
In order to overcome these power shortages, the government is importing energy under unfavorable conditions, which in turn is creating a negative impact on the economy and on fiscal resources. For these reasons, the government is starting to consider adopting the widespread use of renewable energies, such as solar, hydropower, biomass, and geothermal energies.
The overall objective of the project, in cooperation with the European Union, is to further support the efforts of the Government of Zambia in increasing access to clean, reliable, and affordable energy and in guaranteeing the production of renewable energy. The project will assist public institutions in revising, reinforcing, and further developing policies, as well as institutional, legal, and regulatory frameworks for unlocking the potential of renewable energy and increasing its efficiency throughout the country.
The main goals of the project are:
To date, the project has supported the government in Zambia through: